Cross-cultural Adaptation of a Questionnaire on Self-perceived Level of Skills, Abilities and Competencies of Family Physicians in Albania
Arben Alla, Katarzyna Czabanowska, Violetta Kijowska, Enver Roshi, Genc Burazeri
Mat Soc Med. 2012; 24(4): 220-222
Objective: Our aim was to validate an international instrument measuring self-perceived competency level of family physicians in Albania. Methods: A representative sample of 57 family physicians operating in primary health care services was interviewed twice in March-April 2012 in Tirana (26 men and 31 women; median age: 46 years, inter-quartile range: 38-56 years). A structured questionnaire was administered [and subsequently re-administered after two weeks (test-retest)] to all family physicians aiming to self-assess physicians’ level of abilities, skills and competencies regarding different domains of quality of health care. The questionnaire included 37 items organized into 6 subscales/domains. Answers for each item of the tool ranged from 1 (“novice” physicians) to 5 (“expert” physicians). An overall summary score (range: 37-185) and a subscale summary score for each domain were calculated for the test and retest procedures. Cronbach’s alpha was used to assess the internal consistency for both the test and the retest procedures, whereas Spearman’s rho was employed to assess the stability over time (test-retest reliability) of the instrument. Results: Cronbach’s alpha was 0.87 for the test and 0.86 for the retest procedure. Overall, Spearman’s rho was 0.84 (P<0.001). The overall summary score for the 37 items of the instrument was 96.3±10.0 for the test and 97.3±10.1 for the retest. All the subscale summary scores were very similar for the test and the retest procedure. Conclusion: This study provides evidence on cross-cultural adaptation of an international instrument taping self-perceived level of competencies of family physicians in Albania. The questionnaire displayed a satisfactory internal consistency for both test and retest procedures in this sample of family physicians in Albania. Furthermore, the high test-retest reliability (stability over time) of the instrument suggests a good potential for wide scale application to nationally representative samples of family physicians in Albanian populations.
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