Conflicts in Rights of Disclosure of Hiv Status in South Western Nigeria: the Health Care Provider’s Perspective - Zdravlje, medicina, lijecenje, zdravstveni portal

Conflicts in Rights of Disclosure of Hiv Status in South Western Nigeria: the Health Care Provider’s Perspective

Conflicts in Rights of Disclosure of Hiv Status in South Western Nigeria: the Health Care Provider’s Perspective
Adebimpe Wasiu Olalekan
Mat Soc Med. 2012; 24(1): 21-25

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Abstract

Introduction: Close interaction between clients and health care workers as regards disclosure, refusal of treatment and right to know status has been a subject of debate in legal and medical quarters. The objective of this study was to assess perceived rights of health care workers towards disclosure of HIV status in Lagos State in Southwestern Nigeria. Methods: This was a descriptive cross sectional study carried out among 260 health care workers using multistage sampling technique. Research instruments were semi structured self administered and pre tested questionnaires. Data was analyzed using the SPSS softwares. Results: Mean age of respondents was 39.3(+3.7) years. One hundred and eight four (70.8%) of the health workers studied said that it is the right of health care workers to know the HIV status of clients before commencement of treatments, and 36 (13.8%) agreed that health care workers have the right to refuse to treat or carry out procedure on known HIV positive clients. Twenty (7.7%) said that HIV positive health care workers should not be allowed to handle clients clinically, 72 (27.7%) believed that it is the right of HIV positive clients to know the HIV status of health care workers before attending to them, 36 (13.8%) of respondents has ever disclosed their HIV status to clients before carrying out procedures on them. Fifty six (21.5%) of respondents were willing to show their result results to a HIV positive clients who insist on knowing his or her HIV status, 84 (32.3%) believed that clients has the right to refuse a known HIV positive health care workers to treat or carry out some procedures. Discussion: There was no statistically significant association between readiness to disclose HIV status and believing that health care workers have the right to know the status of clients before given them treatment ({P< 0.05). Conclusion: The need to balance out perceived rights of health care workers and clients would assist in provision of quality services to HIV positive clients.

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