The Impact of Periodontitis in the Preterm Birth and Body Size of Newborns - Zdravlje, medicina, lijecenje, zdravstveni portal

The Impact of Periodontitis in the Preterm Birth and Body Size of Newborns

The Impact of Periodontitis in the Preterm Birth and Body Size of Newborns
Muhametaj Lauren, Alilaj Minire, Xhelili Maldi, Muhametaj Mirton, Manaj Aferdita
Mat Soc Med. 2012; 24(1): 44-47

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Abstract

Background: Increasing evidence suggests that maternal gingivitis and periodontitis may be a risk factor for preterm birth and other adverse pregnancy outcomes. Objective: To assess the relationship between periodotitis and preterm birth. Methods: A retrospective study which included 230 pregnant women, and the delivery follow up to determine the correlation between periodontitis and preterm birth. Results: The study indicates that periodontal infection can lead to placental-fetal exposure and, when coupled with a fetal inflammatory response, can lead to preterm delivery. Periodontitis is correlated with preterm birth, so early diagnosis and a careful treatment are very important issues. Conclusion: Periodontitis is one of the main causes of preterm-premature rupture of membranes and a proper treatment is the best solution for this pathology.

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