Monitoring and Treatment of Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding - Zdravlje, medicina, lijecenje, zdravstveni portal

Monitoring and Treatment of Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding

Monitoring and Treatment of Acute Gastrointestinal Bleeding
Basri Lenjani, Sadik Zeka, Salih Krasniqi, Ilaz Bunjaku, Arianit Jakupi, Besnik Elshani, Agim Xhafa
Med Arh. 2012; 66(3): 162-165

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Abstract

Acute Gastrointestinal bleeding–Massive acute bleeding from gastrointestinal section is one of the most frequent forms of acute abdomen. The mortality degree in emergency surgery is about 10 %. It’s very difficult to identify the place of bleeding and etiology. Purpose: The important purpose of this research is to present the cases of acute gastrointestinal bleeding from the patients which were monitored and treated at The University Clinical Center of Kosova–Emergency Center in Pristina. Material and methods: These inquests included 137 patients with acute gastrointestinal bleeding who were treated in emergency center of The University Clinical Center in Pristina for the period from January 2005 until December 2006. Results and discussion: From 137 patients with acute gastrointestinal bleeding 41% or 29% was female and 96% or 70.1 % male. Following the sex we gained a high significant difference of statistics (p <0.01). The gastrointestinal bleeding was two times more frequent in male than in female. Also in the age-group we had a high significant difference of statistics (p<0.01) 63.5 % of patients were over 55 years old. The mean age of patients with an acute gastrointestinal bleeding was 58.4 years SD 15.8 age. The mean age for female patients was 56.4 age SD 18.5 age. The patients with arterial systolic pressure under 100 mmHg have been classified as patients with hypovolemic shock. They participate with 17.5% in all prevalence of acute gastrointestinal bleeding. From the number of prevalence 2{1.5%} patients have been diagnosed with peptic ulcer, 1{0.7%} as gastric perforation and 1{0.7% }with intestine ischemia. Abdominal Surgery and Intensive Care 2 or 1.5% died, 1 at intensive care unit and 1 at nephrology. Conclusion: As we know the severe condition of the patients with gastrointestinal bleeding and etiology it is very difficult to establish, we need to improve for the better conditions in our Emergency Center for treatment and initiation base of clinic criteria.

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