Indirect Serum Fibrosis Markers in Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection
Karolina Paunovic, Miomir Stojanovic, Zorica Dimitrijevic, Goran Paunovic, Vidojko Djordjevic, Ljiljana Konstantinovic, Svetislav Kostic
Med Arh. 2012; 66(4): 226-230
Assessment of liver fibrosis is important for making treatment decisions, as well as for predicting prognosis and therapeutic outcome in patients on chronic hemodialysis (HD) treatment and infected with hepatitis C virus (HCV). The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate changes in standard laboratory tests (AST, ALT, γGT, cholesterol and platelet count) and indirect serum fibrosis markers: AST-to-platelet ratio index (APRI), FIB-4 and Forns index, in chronically HCV-infected patients on maintenance HD with and without antiviral treatment. Patients and methods: A total of 38 patients on chronic HD program more than 3 months and with chronic hepatitis C, were included in the study. According to local legislature 14 patients receive antiviral therapy (24 or 48 weeks, according to HCV genotype) adjusted for patients on HD: eight of them achieved sustained virological response (SVR) and six did not. Results: All treated patients were HCV genotype 1. Baseline blood samples for standard laboratory tests and indirect serum fibrosis markers were collected on the day of antiviral treatment initiation, as well as at the end of follow-up treatment, 36 month later. At the beginning of antiviral treatment there were no significant differences in APRI, FIB-4, Forns and its components be-tween patients who will achieve SVR and those who did not. A significant decrease of AST, ALT, γGT and APRI, and moderate decrease FIB-4 and Forns index was found at the end of follow-up in patients with SVR. In non-sustained responders group those three indexes and its components remained unchanged. Using cut-of values for APRI and FIB-4 (APRI<0,5 and FIB-4<1,45) it was registered that raised percentage of patients with “no fibrosis” at the end of follow-up in those who achieved SVR. Absence of fibrosis measured by Forns index remained unchanged in all groups of patients. Conclusion: Simple indexes as APRI and FIB-4, successfully decrease after antiviral treatment of chronic hepatitis C in hemodialysis patients. These parameters seems to be useful in monitoring for liver fibrosis rate after antiviral treatment in patients on maintenance HD infected by HCV and can be used for estimation liver fibrosis progression in candidates for cadaveric renal transplantation.
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